Brexit is the abbreviation of “British” and “exit”, referring to the UK’s decision in 23rd June 2016 referendum to leave the European Union after 44 years. The process of leaving the UK formally began on 29th March 2017 when the Prime Minister Theresa May triggered Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. The UK has two years from that date to negotiate a new relationship with the EU. Questions have swirled around the process, in part because Britain’s Consitution is unwritten and in part because no country has left the EU using Article 50 before.
Let’s start to analyse the main points with their positive and negative views:
* Membership fee – The country want no longer contributed to the EU budget because the financial advantages outweigh the upfront costs.
* Trade – Membership of the EU makes it much more easier for UK SMEs to export to Europe and not to non-EU countries. So it can renegotiate them.
* Sovereignty – Britain want to gain sovereignty and no longer be obliged to follow any laws set up by the EU.
* Immigration – The UK want to have the opportunity to control immigration for itself. EU citizens have the right to live and work in any member state and Britain is unable to regulate immigrants’ access to welfare privilege which creates a strain for UK nationals.
*Jobs – Less regulation in the workplace can create more jobs and lower migration can increase wages.
* Security – We can close the “door open” to terrorist attacks. This open border does not allow to check and control people.
If no agreement is reached in two years and no extention is agreed, the UK automatically leaves the EU and all existing agreements would cease to apply to the UK. If that happens, Brexit Day would be Friday, 29th March 2019. The UK continues to be a full member of the EU until the point it leaves as states in the Prime Minister’s letter triggering Article 50, which says that “We will of course continue to fulfil our responsabilities as member state while we remain a member of the European Union”.
The only positive is Article 50 update ( April 6, 2017) by which the National Agency for Erasmus + in the UK remains wholly committed to the programme and its benefits. The National Agency strongly supports continued full membership of the programme for the UKthrough to 2020, so that at least 250,000 people across the UK have the chance to study, train or volunteer abroad and that UK organisation can continue to collaborate on internationals projects.
IPSIA ” G. Giorgi” Potenza